Marseille is a port city in the South of France, with a population of 1.05 million. There is an estimated 20-25% of the population that is Muslim, around 241,500 living in Marseille. There is an estimated 70,000 Jewish peoples living in Marseille, about 7% of the population. As with Paris, Roman Catholics make up an estimated 50% of the population, about 525,000 peoples.

Marseille is the second largest city in France, after Paris. Due to its geographical location on the Mediterranean coast, Marseille has long been an center of immigration and trade. Its history as a hub of immigration and easy accessibility from North Africa partially explain the high percentage of Muslims living in the city.

The map below shows the Catholic Churches, Synagogues, and Mosques of Marseille, along with all public transport sites in the city:

For Marseille, it is less clear where the center of the city is compared to Paris. However, the separation of mosques and synagogues found in Paris is found in Marseille as well, with the mosques mostly in the North and the synagogues more in the South. The mosques are notably distant from the locations of Catholic churches. Unlike Paris, all three religious institutions appear to be reasonably accessible by public transport. This could be a result of layout of the city, which is much smaller and has noticeably less roads. Half of the halal markets in Marseille are directly next to a mosque, indicating the close relationship between the markets and the mosques. Halal restaurants, on the other hand, are less associated with mosque locations. In the case of Marseille, the majority of halal restaurants are concentrated in the South, where the majority of churches and synagogues are located. Again, this is likely a product of the fact that the restaurants merely offer halal options, and are not necessarily characterized as a halal restaurant. Although Marseille is the second largest city in France, there are no private Islamic schools operating in the city. Further explore Marseille’s mosques here.

Digital Humanities Project