Works Cited

Primary Sources

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Dall’Armellina, Virgile. “A Woman Wearing a Full-Face Veil Was Asked to Leave a Paris Opera House.” Vice News, October 21, 2014.

“Government-Enforced Bigotry in France.” New York Times. April 12, 2011.

Kramer, Jane. “Taking the Veil: How France’s Public Schools Became the Battleground in a Culture War.” The New Yorker. November 22, 2004.

Sciolino, Elaine. “Ban on Head Scarves Takes Effect in a United France.” New York Times. September 3, 2004.

———. “Chirac Wants Religious Attire Banned in Public Schools.” New York Times. December 17, 2003.

Weitzmann, Marc. “How a City in France Became a Mecca for Islamists.” Tablet Magazine, July 22, 2014.

Secondary Sources

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———. European States and Their Muslim Citizens: The Impact of Institutions on Perceptions and Boundaries. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Cesari, Jocelyne. “Islam in France: The Shaping of a Religious Minority.” In Muslims in the West, from Sojourners to Citizens, 36–51. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Derderian, Richard L. North Africas in Contemporary France: Becoming Visible. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Fellag, Nora. “The Muslim Label: How French North Africans Have Become ‘Muslims’ and Not ‘Citizens.’” Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe 13, no. 4 (2014): 1–25.

Hansen, Randall. “Migration to Europe since 1945: Its History and Its Lessons.” The Political Quarterly 74 (2003): 25–38.

Hopkins, Carmen Teeple. “Social Reproduction in France: Religious Dress Laws and Laïcité.” Women’s Studies International Forum 48 (2015): 154–64.

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Laurence, Jonathan. Integrating Islam: Political and Religious Challenges in Contemporary France. Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institute Press, 2006.

Lucassen, Leo. “Islam and the Colonial Legacy: Algerians in France (1945-2002).” In The Immigrant Threat: The Integration of Old and New Migrants in Western Europe since 1850, 171–96. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2005.

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Messina, Anthony M. The Logics and Politics of Post-WWII Migration to Western Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Rootham, Esther. “Embodying Islam and Laïcité: Young French Women at Work.” Gender, Place, and Culture 22, no. 7 (2015): 971–86.

Scott, Joan Wallach. The Politics of the Veil. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Vom Bruck, Gabriele. “Naturalizing, Neutralizing Women’s Bodies: The ‘Headscarf Affair’ and Politics of Representation.” Identities 15, no. 1 (2008): 51–79.

Weil, Patrick, and Catherine Porter. How to Be French: Nationality in the Making since 1789. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2008.


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